Hampi sites


Hampi, sites and history of the Vijayanagara Empire.
Hampi, the 14th century capital of one of the greatest empires of the world, lies in the Deccan heartland in the state of Karnataka or Karu’nadu (meaning 'elevated land'). The ruins of Hampi are scattered through out an area of 26 sq. km area, amidst giant boulders and vegetation. Protected by the tempestuous river Tungabhadra in the north and rocky granite ridges on the other three sides, the ruins narrate silenty the story of grandeur splendor and fabulous wealth. The splendid remains of palaces and gateways of the broken city tells a tale of man's infinite talent and power of creativity together with his capacity for senseless destruction. The genesis of the place, known today as Hampi, dates back to the age of the Hindu epic 'Ramayana' when it was the site of Kishkinda, a monkey kingdom. Between the 9th and 10th century, this area was known as Vijaypur and later in 1150 AD as Vijaynagar under the king Vijayadhawaja.
Vijayanagara, the capital of the mighty Vijayanagara, was founded in 1336 AD by two Hindu brothers Hakka and Bukka under the able guidance of a Brahmin priest Madhva Vidyaranya. The empire that lasted for over twenty years despite to dizzy heights culminating into the golden era of South Indian history. The Empire, that extended from river Krishna to Cape Comorin, included the modern state of Orrisa and was ruled from a capital stretched over 165 sq. miles, the central portion of which is called Hampi today. The Vijayanagara Empire also annexed the state of Goa as early as 1380 under Madhavacharya, a minister of king Harihara. The most well-known and powerful ruler of this empire was Krishna Deva Raya (1423-May 1446 AD) This fairy tale city was devoid of all its strength and splendor in 1565 AD when the then ruler Rama Raya was defeated and killed by a confederation of Muslim kings. The capital was ransacked and reduced to Shambles within 6 months by the victorious Mohamedans who left it desolate, resembling more a ghost city than a former captital. The state of Goa lost its prominence after the fall of this empire as the then rulers, the Portuguese, lost interest in this territory because of the fall in spice and horse trade. Today a world heritage site, archeologist try to reveil the unknown secrets and they are working patiently at this remote (yet beautiful place) and treasure, when they excavate to unearth, beautifully preserved monuments. There are many amazing temples and sites to see in and around Hampi.

The great boulders that surround this lovely little place are breathtaking!

Temples to see in the north side of the river ( Virupapuragadda) :

Hanuman Temple (Monkey Temple)
Laxmi Temple, pampa sarovar
Durga Temple, anegondi (old capital of hampi)

Hanuman Temple

The hill top Hanuman temple This hill believed to be the birth place of Hanuman is located in the center of Anegondi area. You can see this hill from the Hampi side of the river as you trek along the Kampa Bhups’s (the river side trek) Path. At the top of the hill is the temple dedicated for Hanuman, the monkey god. According to Hindu mythology he was born to Anjana. Thus Hanuman is also known as Anjaneya and his birthplace as Anjaneyadri (Anjaneya’s hill). You can easily spot this hill from a distance as the temple at the hilltop is whitewashed and a white trail of steps zigzagging all the way to the top.Surprisingly the Ramayana (the story of Rama) recited inside the temple is in Hindi, a deviation from the local language Kannada. Those understand Hindi and in interested in Ramayana , listening to this is a feast. The pundit ( an old man with white beard ) is gifted with the expression to tell the story. There won’t be much of people if it is not a special day for the temple. You can just enter the temple and sat next to him, listen and leave whenever you feel. This is done on a continuous basis. Mowgli guest house to 2 km distence.

Bukka's Aqueduct

Due to its size, this ancient aqueduct probably makes the high watermark of Hampi’s hydraulics.All what remains of this massive aqueduct is a tall section of a bridge like structure. The whole structure is built with rectangular dressed rock blocks. The unusual height for an aqueduct suggests the ambitious plan to lift huge quantities of water to a suburb located at an elevated plane.If you are staying at one of those huts at Virupapur Gadde, you are probably at a walking distance from these ruins.

Chandramouliswara Temple

Chandramouliswara Temple is located on the north bank of Tungabadhra, in the Rishimukh Island. The ruined ancient bridge once connected this area to the south bank. Because of this location and lack of easy access, visitors do not frequent this place. However Chandramouliswara Temple can be reached by a coracle from near Vittala Temple or through the narrow village paths from the north (i.e. if you have already crossed the river to the north bank). It’s not a bad idea to combine this visit to Chandramouliswara Temple with the other sites scattered around the Anegondi area (Like the Anjeyanadri Hill and Pampa Sarovar)The river confluence at this area has deposited a huge heap of lose sand on this island. This is in contrast with the otherwise rocky and hard terrain of Hampi. Partly owing to the shifting sand, much of temple and its fortified structures are in a stage of crumble. Shrubs have grown all over preventing one from entering the temple pavilions.Constructed during the 13th century, this temple had been an important place of worship during the peak days of Vijayanagara kings. Large arches made of carver stone, stucco figures, intricately carved walls, massive doorways and pillars with motifs adorn the Chandramouliswara Temple. Reinforcement stonework can be seen at side facing the river area. A large number of the collapsed temple parts has been scattering around the site.Of late massive reconstruction efforts are underway sponsored by a local steel plant. This is one of the first private partnership conservation projects in Hampi. The restoration with a recreated stone bridge is expected to bring more visitors and pilgrims to this temple.

Pampa Sarovar

Pampa Sarovar is a sacred pond for the Hindus. This is one among a few Sarovars (sacred ponds) has a mentioned in the Hindu epics. The pond and the shrine are located in a valley hidden by boulder hill at the three sides.The pond, rectangular in shape, is usually filled edge-to-edge by the floating lotus leafs. The whitewashed shrine is located right next to the pond. This is a functioning temple and the idols worshiped are of Lord Shiva & his consort Parvathi (Pampa). This shrine is much ancient than many of the temples in Hampi.A vividly painted musical instrument placed in the temple courtyard is interesting. The instrument at a time plays a drum, metal plates and a couple of bells attached to it. The whole thing is driven by a motor attached the mechanisms. These were the temple musical instruments originally played by the temple musicians. Now this machine plays it all together during the prayer time (typically early morning & in the evening).A bit north in the line is the temple kitchen. Just opposite to it under a mango tree is a circular platform built around it. tall Vinayaka (the elephant headed god) statue painted in florescent vermilion.Pampa Sarovar is located near the hilltop Hanuman temple in Anegondi area. From the foothill of the Hanuman temple, about a kilometer north on the main road you can spot a rightward departing path. This unpaved path leads towards Pampa Sarovar tracing the ridge of the rocky hill. You can club the visit to this place with other sites in Anegondi like the Ajenayadri Hill, Hachappa Mantapa or the Bukka’s Aquaduct .


Chandramouliswara Temple that’s undergoing a vigorous restoration work. Also this is a vantage point to see the ruins of the ancient bridge built across the river. Close to this temple is an Ashram (hermitage) from where you can hear practically nonstop chanting of the sacred texts.
"It’s believed that it’s here that Hanuman first met Rama and Laxmana who where on the search for the wife of Rama"
If the river is not flooded, you can crossover to this area by a coracle from near the Kodandarama Temple (pay Rs 5 to 10 per head). Otherwise the same kind of ferry option is available at the river crossing point some distance east of Vittala Temple. In the later case you’ll need to trace a few kilometers before reaching this locality. If you are planning for a long exploration, taking along your bicycle or moped is a good idea as public transport is a bit scarce at this side of the river.

Nava brundavanam

Brindhavanam generally means saints & great rishis are living after their life. Navabrindavanam is a nice place, which is located at Anegundi, near Hampi, Karnataka. India. There are nine saints in this Brindavanam. IN Navabrindavanam, nine of the great Madhwa(belonging to the kith and kin of Madhwacharya,the founder of the Dwaita or dualism tenets) are eternally resting , still alive.the "brindavanas" are the tombs of their resting
You can see on Navabrindavanam map in this site. Post some information or experience or ask forum if you want to do more details. With the blessings of god & great rishis i have started this information site. Also your information are welcome.


Anegondi ಆನೆಗೊಂದಿ which literally means elephant pit in Kannada is a small village in Koppal district of Karnataka state, located on the north banks of the Tungabhadra River on the opposite bank of the Vittala Temple. Anegondi was famous for becoming the original capital city of the Vijayanagara Empire when Mohammad Tughlaq, Sultan of Delhi, defeated the King of Anegondi (Jambukeshwara Raya) and appointed Malik Nayab as his representative to rule over the city. During this time the brothers Hakka and Bukka organised a group following Vidyaranya's advice that successfully recaptured Anegondi without bloodshed by sneaking into the Anegondi fort and taking Malik Nayab prisoner while he was drunk. Later on, Hakka and Bukka (along with the help of Vidyaranya) would found the Vijayanagara Empire with Anegondi as its capital, though it was moved to nearby Vijayanagara in northern Karnataka as the empire continued to expand.